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Lithium Batteries Specifications

Lithium Batteries Specifications
Performance Specifications




   Voltage
 
     This is the nominal battery voltage.
 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Capacity, Amp Hours (AH)
 
     Capacity in ampere hours (AH) is the amount of time, from discharge start to finish, multiplied by the discharge current.
 
   Search Logic:      All matching products will have a value greater than or equal to the specified value.
   Operating Temperature:
 
     This is the full-required range of ambient operating temperature.
 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the limits in a "From - To" range; when both are specified, matching products will cover entire range. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
Battery Chemistry
Primary batteries are not rechargeable since the chemical reaction that produces the electricity is not reversible.



   Lithium Primary Batteries       
   Your choices are...
 
      
 
   Lithium / Sulfur Dioxide
 
     Lithium / sulfur dioxide cells (Li/SO2) are used almost exclusively in military / aerospace applications and have somewhat lower energy density than manganese dioxide-lithium or poly (carbon monofluoride) lithium cells. Their service life and energy density are less than half that of thionyl chloride-lithium cells. For safety, an "emergency" vent structure is required in the hermetically welded case.
 
   Lithium / Thionyl Chloride
 
     Lithium / thionyl chloride batteries (Li/SOCl2) have a cell voltage nominally of 3.6V, a very high energy density, and a good temperature range. The applications are typically computer memory backup power, instruments, and small electronics. The widespread use of this type for consumer applications is limited because of the high cost and concerns about safety and handling. After extended shelf storage times, the lithium anode may start to form a protective film. This film will initially cause a voltage delay when first placed into service. The lithium / thionyl chloride cell also is produced with BrCl additives to yield an increase in cell voltage to 3.9V and an increase in energy density to about 1000Wh/L with overall safer operation.
 
   Lithium / Manganese Dioxide
 
     Lithium / manganese dioxide batteries (LiMnO2) are available as cylindrical cells or as button cells. Their advantages include high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, high pulse capability, long shelf life, and operation over a wide temperature range.
 
   Lithium / Carbon Monofluoride
 
     Lithium / carbon monofluoride cells (Li/ (CF)n) are high energy density batteries available for low weight, long life applications.  The system uses a solid cathode, organic electrolyte and has an unparalleled safety record.  Typical usages include:  aerospace (qualified for space use since 1976), terrestrial, marine, and missiles.
 
   Lithium / Copper Oxide
 
     Lithium / copper oxide (LI/CuO) and lithium-copper oxyphosphate cells were produced until the mid-1990s, when production was stopped. Currently, the use of this technology is limited.
 
   Lithium / Iodine
 
     Lithium iodine cells (LiI2) exhibit outstanding performance (very low self-discharge rate, excellent reliability, very high hermeticity, etc.) but for a limited field of application, in particular for cardiac pacemakers.
 
   Lithium / Silver Vanadium Oxide
 
     Lithium silver vanadium oxide batteries (Li/SVO) are typically manufactured for medically implantable devices such as cardioverter defibrillators, neurostimulators, atrial defibrillators, drug infusion devices, and others.
 
   Lithium Anode Reserve Batteries
 
     Available in three major types (lithium / vanadium pentoxide, lithium / thionyl chloride, and lithium / sulfur dioxide), ambient-temperature lithium anode reserve batteries have undiminished power output even after storage periods over fourteen years.
 
   Other
 
     Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary lithium primary battery.
 
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   Lithium Secondary Batteries       
   Your choices are...
 
      
 
   Lithium / Iron Sulfide
 
     Lithium / iron sulfide batteries (LiFeSx) are under development for use in electric vehicles.  Operating at a temperature range of 375 - 500°C, the lithium / iron sulfide battery possesses high power, works well in many environments, and is safe, but requires a thermal management system to maintain a proper temperature.
 
   Lithium / Manganese Titanium
 
     Lithium / manganese titanium rechargeable batteries (LiMnTi) are compact rechargeable batteries developed for rechargeable watches, and backup power supplies for pagers and timers. The batteries employ lithium-manganese complex oxide as cathode material, and lithium-titanium oxide the as the anode material. The batteries provide a capacity that is more than 10 times that of capacitors of the same size.
 
   Lithium / Polymer
 
     The lithium-polymer battery differs from other battery systems in the type of electrolyte used. The original design, which dates back to the 1970s, uses a polymer electrolyte. The polymer electrolyte replaces the traditional porous separator, which is soaked with electrolytes.  The dry polymer design offers simplifications with respect to fabrication, ruggedness, safety and thin-profile. There is no danger of flammability because no liquid or gelled electrolyte is used.  Theoretically, it is possible to create designs that form part of a protective housing, are in the shape of a mat that can be rolled up, or are even embedded into a carrying case or a piece of clothing.
 
   Lithium-ion
 
     Also referred to as lithium-carbon.  The lithium-ion rechargeable cell (Li-ion) refers to a cell whose negative active material is carbon to which lithium cations are intercalated or deintercalated during the charge-discharge process.  Li-ion is one of the newer rechargeable battery technologies. These batteries can deliver 40% more capacity than comparably sized NiCd batteries and are one of the lightest rechargeable batteries available today. Li-ion batteries are the batteries of choice in notebook computers, wireless telephones and many camcorder models. They are also one of the more expensive rechargeable technologies.

Lithium / cobalt oxide - The lithium / cobalt oxide cathode battery (LiCoO2) is very light and has an energy density about three times higher than that of the conventional rechargeable batteries. It is now indispensable for the power source of various portable or mobile IT instruments which need reduction of weight and volume.  This lithium ion battery will play a significant role from the viewpoint of the environment, as it is replacing rechargeable batteries, which contain harmful elements such as lead and cadmium. 

Lithium / nickel oxide - The lithium / nickel oxide positive electrode (LiNiO2), has a capacity almost 40% over currently mass-produced batteries. Many can withstand about 500 charge cycles.

Lithium / manganese oxide - Lithium / manganese oxide batteries (LiMn2O4) are characterized by high energy density, high power density, good storage life and discharge performance, they offer a big advantage over alkaline batteries and their cost is modest.
 
   Lithium-vanadium
 
     Vanadium pentoxide (Li/V2O5) is a solid cathode material into which lithium ions are inserted. Discharge plateaus are observed at 3.3 V and 2.4 V.  The system is low pressure, so low rate cells do not need to have a safety vent. Vanadium pentoxide is mainly used in reserve batteries but it is likely to be of more importance in rechargeable lithium batteries in the future.
 
   Lithium / Manganese Dioxide
 
     The lithium / manganese dioxide system (Li/MnO2) offers the best balance of performance and safety for consumer replaceable battery applications.  They contain liquid organic electrolyte and solid cathode cells.
 
   Lithium / Titanium Disulfide
 
     The reaction in lithium / titanium disulfide batteries (Li/TiS2) occurs very rapidly and in a highly reversible manner at ambient temperatures as a result of structural retention. Titanium disulfide is a solid cathode material.  It has a relatively flat discharge and high energy density.
 
   Other
 
     Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary lithium secondary battery.
 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
Battery Cell Size




   Standard Battery Sizes       
   Your choices are...
 
      
 
   AAAA
 
     AAAA batteries are 40.2 mm long, 8.4 mm in diameter, and ANSI / NEDA 25A.
 
   AAA
 
     AA batteries are 44.5 mm long, 10.5 mm in diameter, and IEC LR03, ANSI / NEDA 24A.
 
   N
 
     N batteries are 28 mm long, 11.5 mm in diameter, and IEC LR1, ANSI / NEDA 910A.
 
   1/3 AA
 
     1/3 AA batteries are 17.5 mm long and 14.2 mm in diameter.
 
   2/3 AA
 
     2/3 AA batteries are 28.7 mm long and 14.2 mm in diameter.
 
   AA
 
     AA batteries are 50 mm long, 14.2 mm in diameter, and IEC LR6, ANSI / NEDA 15A.
 
   1/2 A
 
     1/2 A batteries are 30 mm long and 14.2 mm in diameter.
 
   2/3 A
 
     2/3 A batteries are 28.5 mm long and 17mm in diameter.
 
   A
 
     Batteries are 50 mm long and 17 mm in diameter.
 
   4/5 Cs
 
     4/5 Cs are 34 mm long and 23 mm in diameter. They are sometimes referred to as 4/5 Sub-C batteries.
 
   Cs
 
     Cs are 43 mm long and 23 mm in diameter. They are sometimes referred to as Sub-C batteries.
 
   C
 
     C batteries are 46 mm long, 26 mm in diameter, and IEC LR14, ANSI / NEDA 14A.
 
   1/2 D
 
     1/2 D batteries are 37 mm long and 33 mm in diameter.
 
   D
 
     D batteries are 58 mm long, 33 mm in diameter, and IEC LR20, ANSI / NEDA 13A.
 
   9V
 
     9V batteries are 26.5 mm long, 48.5mm high, 17.5mm wide, IEC 6LR61, and ANSI / NEDA 1604A.
 
   Other
 
     Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary standard battery sizes.
 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
   Specialty Cells       
   Your choices are...
 
      
 
   Nonstandard Cylindrical Batteries
 
     Batteries are nonstandard devices and cylindrical in shape.
 
   Battery Packs and Assemblies
 
     Battery packs and assemblies are primary or rechargeable batteries packed together with a connector for cellular phones, camcorders, and cordless phones. They are also used for printed circuit board (PCB) level power.
 
   Coin Cell or Button Cells
 
     There are over forty different sizes of button and coin cells.  They are often used in devices such as watches and calculators.
 
   Lantern
 
     Lantern batteries commonly use 6 V and are ANSI / NEDA 918A, 915A, and 908A.
 
   Prismatic Cells
 
     Prismatic cells have slightly lower energy densities than cylindrical cells and are more expensive to manufacture. The design of their venting systems may cause them to bulge if the battery is not used or charged correctly.  In this type of cell construction, the anode and cathode are inserted into a rectangular shaped case, with separators between them. This offers improved flexibility when designing battery packs and better use of space than the cylindrical construction method.      
 
   Sachet Cells
 
     Sachet or pouch cells are a relatively new packaging design. The hard casing that typically surrounds the electrodes is replaced by a flexible foil packaging that maximizes the use of space and reduces the weight of the device. Because they can be shaped to fit a specific space, foil pouches are often custom manufactured for special applications.
 
   Other
 
     Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary specialty cells.
 
   Search Logic:      All products with ANY of the selected attributes will be returned as matches. Leaving all boxes unchecked will not limit the search criteria for this question; products with all attribute options will be returned as matches.
Dimensions and Weight




   Width / Diameter
 
     This is the width of nonstandard cells, or the diameter of nonstandard cylindrical cell batteries.
 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Depth
 
     This is the depth of nonstandard batteries.
 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Height
 
     This is the height of nonstandard batteries.
 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
   Weight
 
     This is the overall weight of the battery or battery pack.
 
   Search Logic:      User may specify either, both, or neither of the "At Least" and "No More Than" values. Products returned as matches will meet all specified criteria.
Applications




           
   Your choices are...
 
      
 
   General Purpose
 
     Batteries are designed for general-purpose applications.
 
   Aircraft
 
     Aircraft batteries are FAA or PMA approved and may be lead acid or NiCad devices. They are used in aircraft systems such as emergency power, lighting, and turbine starting.
 
   Automotive
 
     Automotive batteries are generally lead acid devices that are used for starting-lighting-ignition (SLI) applications.
 
   Camera / Electronic Cells
 
     Batteries are designed for cameras or other common electronic devices.
 
   Electric Vehicle
 
     The batteries in electric vehicles (EVs) are rechargeable. They can be lead acid, nickel-iron, NiCad, NiMH, sodium sulfur, lithium, zinc and aluminum air batteries, or flywheels for nonchemical energy storage. Energy density is a main selection criterion for EV batteries.
 
   Implantable Batteries
 
     Batteries are designed for use in implantable medical devices such as pacemakers.
 
   Industrial / Forklift
 
     Industrial and forklift type batteries are deep cycle devices.
 
   Laptop Batteries
 
     Laptop batteries are battery packs made specifically for use in laptop or notebook computers.
 
   Marine / Recreational Vehicle
 
     There are two kinds of marine or recreational vehicle (RV) batteries: deep cycle marine batteries and starting marine batteries. Both kinds of batteries are sealed, maintenance-free, flooded plate types.
 
   Medical Equipment
 
     Batteries are designed for use in medical equipment applications including life support, hearing aids, patient lifts, and wheelchairs.
 
   Military / Aerospace
 
     Batteries are manufactured for military or aerospace applications, often to MIL-SPEC requirements.
 
   Oil and Natural Gas Industries
 
     Batteries are manufactured for specific applications in the oil and natural gas industries.
 
   Renewable Energy
 
     These batteries are used where discharging and charging occurs frequently. Solar or photovoltaic (PV) batteries are sealed, maintenance-free, and flooded plate devices.
 
   Telecommunications
 
     Telecommunications batteries are sealed and maintenance-free. They stay on float charge for long periods of time and deliver high outputs for short durations.
 
   Toy / Hobby
 
     Batteries are designed for use in high drain toy and hobby applications.
 
   Stand-by / UPS Batteries
 
     Stand-by batteries are used in applications such as uninterruptible power supplies (UPS), emergency lighting, alarm systems, and electronic equipment. UPS batteries are sealed and maintenance-free. They stay on float charge for long periods of time and deliver high outputs for short durations.
 
   Other
 
     Other unlisted, specialized, or proprietary applications.